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What Is a Urinary Tract Infection and Its Causes During Pregnancy and Sex

Published : July 10, 2023 10 mins read Updated On : Mar 22, 2024

What Is a Urinary Tract Infection and Its Causes During Pregnancy and Sex

Pregnancy is a beautiful journey, but it also comes with its share of health concerns. UTIs are one of the most common problems that pregnant women have. If left untreated, UTIs can be painful, inconvenient, uneasy and even hazardous. But what exactly are UTIs, and what causes them during pregnancy and sex? In this blog, we will dive deep into the causes of UTIs, including hygiene and risk factors like sexual intercourse and pregnancy. Also, we will unravel the mysteries surrounding UTIs, delving into their causes and shedding light on how to navigate these common yet pesky concerns.

What is a UTI & its Symptoms?

A UTI or urinary tract infection is caused by bacteria that enter any part of the urinary system. A bacterial infection that affects any part of the urinary system, a UTI can cause painful urination, frequent urges to pee, and lower abdominal pain.

Symptoms include pain during urination, frequent urination, and strong-smelling urine. It affects the bladder, urethra, and kidneys and requires medical treatment for cystitis or kidney infection. Risk factors for this type of urinary tract infection include pregnancy, sex, and underlying medical conditions. To reduce the risk of developing a UTI, practice good hygiene habits like keeping your genital area clean and dry and staying hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids.

What are the different types of UTIs?

Understanding the different types of UTIs along with their symptoms is crucial in identifying the specific challenges they pose and implementing appropriate treatment measures. Let's delve into the three primary types of UTIs:

  • Cystitis: Cystitis is the most common type of UTI and primarily affects the bladder. It occurs when bacteria, most commonly Escherichia coli (E. coli) from the gastrointestinal tract, enter the urethra and ascend into the bladder. Symptoms of cystitis include frequent and urgent urination, a burning sensation during urination, cloudy or strong-smelling urine, and lower abdominal pain. Although cystitis is typically not a severe condition, if left untreated, the infection can spread to the kidneys, leading to more severe complications.
  • Pyelonephritis: Pyelonephritis is a more severe UTI that affects the kidneys. It often arises as a result of untreated or recurrent cystitis, as the bacteria ascend from the bladder to the kidneys. The symptoms of pyelonephritis may include high fever, chills, severe back pain, nausea, and vomiting. Prompt medical attention is crucial to prevent kidney damage and other complications. Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to pyelonephritis and should seek immediate medical care if they experience symptoms.
  • Urethritis: Urethritis refers to the inflammation of the urethra, which is the tube connecting the bladder to the external opening. It is commonly caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, but can also result from non-infectious factors like irritants or trauma. Symptoms of urethritis include pain or burning during urination, frequent urination, and discharge from the urethral opening. Proper diagnosis and treatment of the underlying cause are essential to prevent the spread of infection and further complications.

It is important to note that UTIs can occur in both men and women, although they are more prevalent in women due to their shorter urethra, proximity to the anus, and hormonal changes.

UTI Causes & Risk Factors

As previously stated, UTIs occur when bacteria enter the body's drainage system, leading to painful urination, frequent urges to pee, and lower abdominal discomfort. Here, we explore the primary causes of UTIs in brief.

  • Bacterial Invasion: The invasion of bacteria into the urinary tract is the most frequent cause of UTIs. Most Commonly it is Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria, which are generally found in the digestive system, are the leading culprits. These bacteria can enter the urinary tract through the urethra and travel upwards, causing infection in different parts of the urinary system.
  • Sexual Activity: Sexual intercourse can contribute to the development of UTIs, particularly in women. During sexual activity, bacteria from the genital area can be introduced into the urethra, increasing the risk of infection. This is why UTIs are sometimes referred to as "honeymoon cystitis." Urinating before and after sexual activity can help flush out bacteria and reduce the likelihood of UTIs.
  • Urinary Tract Abnormalities: Structural abnormalities or dysfunctions in the urinary tract can make individuals more susceptible to UTIs. Conditions such as urinary obstructions, kidney stones, or vesicoureteral reflux (a condition where urine flows backwards from the bladder to the kidneys) can disrupt the normal flow of urine, allowing bacteria to multiply and cause infections.
  • Weakened Immune System: A weakened immune system can compromise the body's ability to fight off infections, including UTIs. Certain factors like diabetes, HIV/AIDS, chemotherapy, or long-term steroid use can suppress the immune response, making individuals more vulnerable to bacterial invasions.
  • Menopause: In postmenopausal women, a decrease in estrogen levels can lead to changes in the urinary tract, making it more prone to infections. The decline in estrogen can result in thinning of the urethral lining and decreased vaginal acidity, creating an environment conducive to bacterial growth.

Reddish urine during pregnancy: Is it normal or an alarm?

Experiencing reddish urine during pregnancy can be alarming, but it's essential to understand that the cause can vary. Let us discuss a few of them:

  • UTI: During pregnancy, the risk of UTIs increases due to hormonal changes and bladder pressure. Reddish urine can indicate a UTI or other medical conditions like kidney stones or bladder cancer. Hematuria can be a symptom of these conditions. It is always helpful to seek medical attention for unusual symptoms.
  • Kidney Stones: Pregnancy increases the risk of developing kidney stones. If a stone causes irritation or minor bleeding in the urinary tract, it can result in reddish urine. Kidney stones often cause additional symptoms like severe pain in the back or side, nausea, and blood in the urine.
  • Increased Blood Flow: During pregnancy, there is increased blood flow to the kidneys and urinary tract, which can sometimes lead to changes in urine colour. This increased circulation may cause urine to appear slightly reddish or pinkish, especially after physical activity or increased pressure on the bladder.

Diagnosis & Tests for UTI

During pregnancy, diagnosing UTI requires testing urine samples for bacteria and abnormalities, including urine tests, with additional tests like an ultrasound or CT scan to check for complications. Completing the entire course of prescribed antibiotics is essential to ensure complete treatment. When it comes to Medications and Procedures for urinary tract infections (UTIs), doctors usually prescribe certain antibiotics.

Recurrent UTI: Commonness and Prevention

Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) refer to the occurrence of multiple UTIs within a given timeframe, typically defined as having three or more infections within a year. They can be a frustrating and recurrent issue for many individuals, particularly women. Factors like hygiene practices and underlying health conditions often contribute to them. Apart from antibiotics, natural remedies like cranberries or D-mannose supplements can alleviate symptoms.

UTIs are the most common type of infection prevalent among women and have several risk factors, such as sex and pregnancy. Recurrent UTIs are relatively common, especially in women. It is estimated that up to 20-30% of women who have had a UTI will experience recurrence within six months.

While antibiotics are necessary in some cases, completing the entire course is critical. However, some studies suggest that cranberry products, such as juice or supplements help prevent UTIs by inhibiting bacterial adherence to the urinary tract walls.

Antibiotics vs Supplements

UTI treatment often involves antibiotics, but this approach has downsides like antibiotic resistance. Antibiotics don't know the difference between good and bad bacteria, which can lead to other health issues if you heavily rely on antibiotics. Taking them during pregnancy is a big no-no.

Luckily, other options exist, such as probiotics and cranberry extract supplements. These remedies can be very effective against UTIs without compromising your immune system or harming your kidney health.

Chicnutrix Happee helps you pee pain-free and without any burning sensation. Its triple-action formula doesn't only kill bacteria but flushes them out of your system safely. It is formulated with three potent ingredients that make it an essential wellness nutrition pick to prevent a UTI and get rid of it.

Side Effects and Resistance of Antibiotics

While commonly prescribed as a treatment for UTIs during pregnancy and sex, overusing antibiotics leads to nausea, diarrhea and yeast infections and antibiotic resistance. For milder cases or prevention of UTIs in general, drinking cranberry juice or taking D-mannose supplements is an effective alternative. To entirely eliminate the infection, it is important to follow the entire course of antibiotics prescribed by your doctor.

It is important to note that UTIs can also occur during menopause, and it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. Avoid holding urine for extended periods, as it can allow bacteria to multiply. Urinate when you feel the urge to empty your bladder.

UTI Prevention and Management: Using UTI Management Supplements

Avoid UTIs with Alternative Supplements like cranberry extract and probiotics. Cranberry Extracts contain compounds that hinder bacteria from adhering to the urinary tract walls. On the other hand, Probiotics can help restore healthy bacterial balance in the gut and urinary system, providing essential nutrition before taking any supplement, particularly during pregnancy; consulting a medical professional about birth control is necessary.

Chicnutrix Happee is formulated with three potent ingredients that make it an essential wellness nutrition pick to prevent a UTI and get rid of it.

  • Cranberry Extract: It is rich in 50% Proanthocyanidins (PACs), and it is well-known for its anti-bacterial properties that help prevent UTIs by preventing Escherichia coli from sticking to the walls of the urinary tract.
  • Ursolia: It is made from proprietary natural sage extracts, which targets inflammation as a sure-shot way on how to prevent urinary pain
  • D-Mannose: D-mannose is a naturally occurring sugar that is closely related to glucose. It flushes bacteria from the urinary tract to keep your insides infection free.

To maintain the health of your urinary tract, treat an active infection or manage infections, Chicnutrix Happee is the only nutritional supplement that works its charm from the inside out. Just pop a tablet in a glass of water, wait for it to fizz and then drink to pee happy & pain-free. Not only does Chicnutrix Happee encourage you to stay hydrated all day, but it also helps you get the right natural ingredients to keep those pesky bacteria at bay.

For an active UTI, Chicnutrix Happee should be consumed every day for a month. For those who experience recurrent UTIs, it is advised to repeat the course of Chicnutrix Happee every three months.

Ensure urinary tract health by drinking plenty of fluids, practicing good hygiene, and visiting your healthcare provider at the first sign of UTI symptoms like painful urination or blood in the urine. Avoid irritating products and wipe from front to back after using the bathroom. Natural remedies like D-Mannose and cranberries can prevent UTIs by inhibiting bacterial growth in the urinary tract.


Experiencing a urinary tract infection (UTI) can be uncomfortable and worrisome, especially during pregnancy or after sexual activity. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for UTIs is essential for maintaining your health and well-being.

As mentioned earlier, staying hydrated and good hygiene practices which include wiping from front to back after using the toilet, which help prevent the spread of bacteria from the anal area to the urinary tract. Cranberry products, like cranberry juice or supplements, contain certain compounds that may help prevent bacteria from adhering to the urinary tract walls. D-mannose, a type of sugar, is thought to have similar effects.

While antibiotics are often prescribed to treat UTIs, it's essential to be aware of the potential side effects and the growing concern of antibiotic resistance. Luckily, there are alternative approaches, such as Chicnutrix Happee – a UTI management supplement that can help support urinary tract health with its triple action formula. If you're experiencing reddish urine, it's important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine if it's normal or requires further evaluation. Remember, your health is important, so don't hesitate to seek medical advice if you have any concerns.

Simran Siddiqui
beauty and wellness

Simran is diligent, ambitious and flexible to adapt and learn new things.

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