According to a study by the PCOS Society, one in every five women in India has polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and 1 in every 10 women have PCOS around the world, a common endocrine system condition among women of reproductive age. Six teenage girls are diagnosed with PCOS for every ten women with the condition.
PCOS was first described in 1935. However, there is still a general lack of understanding of the issue in India and it frequently goes unnoticed for years. Around 10 million women are thought to be affected by this illness around the world.
According to a study conducted by AIIMS' department of endocrinology and metabolism, roughly 20-25 percent of Indian women of reproductive age have PCOS. While 60% of women with PCOS are overweight, 35-50% have a fatty liver. Around 70% of people have insulin resistance, 60-70 percent have elevated testosterone levels, and 40-60 percent have glucose intolerance.
PCOS was found to be prevalent in 9.13 percent of women in South India and 22.5 percent of women in Maharashtra, according to studies.
Because the disorder's symptoms and severity vary so widely, many parts of it remain unknown. Insulin levels are regularly reported to be higher than normal in women with PCOS. It promotes the conversion of sugar (glucose) into energy in the bodily cells.
Blood sugar levels can rise if you don't create enough insulin. This can also happen if you're insulin resistant, which means you're unable to efficiently use the insulin you do make. If you're insulin resistant, your body may try to control your blood sugar levels by producing a lot of insulin.
Insulin levels that are too high lead your ovaries to create more androgens like testosterone. Insulin resistance can also be caused by a body mass index that is higher than normal. Insulin resistance makes it difficult to lose weight, which is why women with PCOS frequently face this problem.
PCOS has become so common among women and young girls that the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has launched a state-wide survey. It's serious because, if left untreated or undetected, this illness can lead to infertility and other long-term health issues.
The key to preventing health problems is early diagnosis and treatment. We have encountered 4-5 cases of young girls with PCOS at Motherhood Hospitals alone, which is much higher than 10 years ago. This is primarily due to unhealthy lifestyles, poor diets and a lack of physical activity.
Symptoms range from mild to severe
Weight gain, lethargy, unwanted hair growth, thinning hair, infertility, acne, pelvic pain, migraines, sleep issues and mood changes are all signs of PCOS in girls and women. The majority of symptoms appear just after puberty; however, they can also appear in late adolescence and early adulthood.
Girls with PCOS often have irregular periods or amenorrhea, as well as heavy or scanty menstrual flow. Doctors also search for polycystic ovaries and increased levels of the male hormone androgen and testosterone.
Women with PCOS may develop cysts as a result of their ovaries not being released on time. The follicles continue to expand and form numerous cysts that resemble a "string of pearls." If a woman's mother or sibling has PCOS, she is more likely to get it herself.
Not only that, but women with PCOS are more likely to develop hypertension, high cholesterol, anxiety and depression, sleep apnea, heart attack, diabetes, and endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancer. PCOS increases the risk of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, and early birth in women.
Treatments that are suggested
PCOS cannot be cured, but it can be treated to prevent it from worsening over time. This is possible with the right workout and diet. However, a diet alone will not provide you with the nutrients you need to manage PCOS, thus supplementation is always recommended.
Chicnutrix Cysterhood and Cysterhood Inositol are supplements that help in managing PCOS. Cysterhood is manufactured using Swiss Effervescent Technology and prepared with clinically tested components, 600 mg of N-acetylcysteine, and Vitamin C, resulting in a well-balanced mix that supports hormone and ovarian health from the inside out. Balances the hormones via way of means of decreasing androgens and testosterone. It additionally regulates the menstrual cycle, reduces inflammation and oxidative stress, helps ovulation, improves reproductive health and insulin resistance. It is great on taste in a splendid strawberry flavour.
Cysterhood Inositol is made up of a proprietary blend of scientifically proven ratios of Myo-inositol to D-chiro-inositol (Caronositol®): Vegan Vitamin D3, Vitamin B9 (Folate), and Chromium in a 3.6:1 ratio. It aids in the reduction of high insulin levels, which reduces insulin resistance, as well as the modulation of ovulatory cycles, which helps with fertility, inflammation reduction, and hormone balancing. It aids in the prevention of Vitamin D3 deficiency as well as the weight management associated with PCOS. The 3.6:1 MI: DCI ratio has been demonstrated to increase pregnancy rates by 65.5 percent. It has a delicious raspberry flavour to it.
Both are made with clinically proven ingredients, are vegan and gluten-free. They are approved by doctors, are mild on the stomach.
With the rise of PCOS, especially among Indian women, it is essential to spread awareness about PCOS and its management to help our fellow cysters to overcome and be #StrongerThanPCOS.